Earlier this year, Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella laid out the company's ambition to create a fully functioning quantum computer that can be used to address complex issues such as climate change research, healthcare and artificial intelligence.
Now, Redmond is looking to bring this computing power to a much greater audience.
On December 11, Microsoft Corp. (Nasdaq: MSFT) released a free preview of its Quantum Development Kit for the company's version of a quantum computer. In addition, Microsoft released a new programming language called Q# to help program a quantum computing simulator.
The developer kit and the Q# programming language, which Microsoft first mentioned at its Ignite conference in September, will be integrated into Visual Studio and allow developers to conduct quantum computing simulations on a laptop. This will allow developers to debug and test applications.
Microsoft outlined its quantum computing plans at Ignite in September
Microsoft is in the process of developing its own fully functional quantum computer.
In essence, quantum computing uses quantum mechanics to create the computation power of a massively parallel supercomputer. Unlike traditional computing, which is based on binary 1s and 0s, quantum computing uses quantum bits, or "qubits," that can represent 0, 1, or both numbers at the same time.
Results of calculations may change from run to run based on the quantum state, so the same calculation will be performed millions of times, with the final answer being the result that occurred most frequently. Qubits allow the machine to run multiple calculations at the same time, making the computers able to perform tasks much faster than traditional CPUs.
With the release of the developer kit and Q#, Microsoft will allow developers to access about 30 logical qubits of simulations within a laptop. For larger projects, the company also offers an Azure-based simulator that can access up to 40 logical qubits.
Keep up with the latest enterprise cloud news and insights. Sign up for the weekly Enterprise Cloud News newsletter.
In addition to the kit and programming language, Microsoft is making a suite of documentation, libraries and sample programs available to developers. This will give developers access to technology such as quantum teleportation, which allows for sharing information across qubits that are connected by a quantum state that is called entanglement.
"The hope is that you play with something like teleportation and you get intrigued," Krysta Svore, a principal researcher at Microsoft who has led the development of the quantum software and simulator, wrote in Monday's blog post.
Microsoft is betting that quantum computing can help with accelerating research and developments in AI, machine learning and natural language. Nadella has made it clear that artificial intelligence is another major area of investment for the company. (See Microsoft Serving a Slice of AI With Everything at Ignite.)
In addition to its quantum computing announcement on Monday, Microsoft has created a $50 million fund to use AI to research climate change and other issues through the AI for Earth initiative. Redmond will spread that money out across a five-year plan.